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Reforming EU Farm Policy: Lessons from New Zealand

Reforming EU Farm Policy: Lessons from New Zealand

This Occasional Paper uses the reforms of agriculture in New Zealand to offer pointers to the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. New Zealand's agricultural reforms have been some of the most radical and successful anywhere, and suggest a way out of the cycle of waste, inef... read full description below.

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ISBN 9780255364843
Published 1 January 2000 by Institute of Economic Affairs
Format Trade Paperback/Paperback
Author(s) By Johnson, R. W. M.

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Full details for this title

ISBN-13 9780255364843
ISBN-10 0255364849
Stock Out of stock
Status Not currently available
Publisher Institute of Economic Affairs
Imprint Institute of Economic Affairs
Publication Date 1 January 2000
Publication Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Format Trade Paperback/Paperback
Author(s) By Johnson, R. W. M.
Category Agriculture & Related Industries
EU agricultural law
Interest Age Young Adults
Reading Age Young Adults
NBS Text EU Law: Professional
ONIX Text College/higher education;Professional and scholarly
Number of Pages Not specified
Dimensions Width: 138mm
Height: 219mm
Spine: 6mm
Weight Not specified - defaults to 600g
Dewey Code Not specified
Catalogue Code Not specified

Description of this Book

This Occasional Paper uses the reforms of agriculture in New Zealand to offer pointers to the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. New Zealand's agricultural reforms have been some of the most radical and successful anywhere, and suggest a way out of the cycle of waste, inefficiency and corruption that characterize agriculture in Europe. Executive Summary New Zealand is one of the few countries which has embarked on free trade for agriculture. New Zealand farmers were heavily protected by price supports and other measures in the 1970s and early 1980s but protection was greatly reduced in the economic reforms of the mid-1980s. Experience in New Zealand shows that '...agricultural markets do adjust by themselves and that farmers do not bear all the costs of reforms.' Farmers' incomes dropped after the reforms were introduced but farmers then adapted to their new environment. Adjustment in product and factor markets took about six years. Farm land prices fell after the reforms but have now returned to '...a normal relationship with product earnings.' New Zealand would like to see similar reforms in countries whose subsidised output competes with its own. It is also concerned about the growth of 'environmental' obstacles to trade. The Common Agricultural Policy is '...damaging to the interests of consumers and taxpayers in the EU' and burdensome to farmers outside the EU. EU farm protection has been increasing. The 'nominal tariff equivalent' in the EU is now 82 per cent, compared to 1 per cent in New Zealand. The CAP costs a family of four about AGBP1000 per year. The CAP has encouraged higher output and environmental damage. But farmers' incomes have fallen sharply in recent years. Although past EU reform efforts have been ineffective, a '...free market agriculture would be perfectly feasible ...'. The New Zealand example should be emulated.

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