By Moon, Paul
Haane Manahi (died 1986) was a member of the Maori Battalion from New Zealand in World War II who was nominated for a Victoria Cross, but eventually received a special citation for bravery from the Queen. In December 2005 the Waitangi Tribunal released their finding to a claim th...at was lodged by iwi Te Arawa, in 2000, for Manahi. Te Arawa lodged that Manahi should be posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery at the Battle of Takrouna in 1943. Sergeant Manahi led his men up a sheer limestone escarpment to capture positions; the following day he set out to capture Italian outposts. Four generals, including Bernard Freyberg and Bernard Montgomery had recommended that Manahi receive the Victoria Cross but this recommendation had been overruled in London. In October 2006 the New Zealand Minister of Defence announced that Manahi would be recognised by the presentation of an altar cloth, a personal letter from the Queen acknowledging his gallantry and a sword. The Victoria Cross could not be awarded as King George VI had ruled in 1949 that no further awards from World War II ought to be made. The award was presented at a ceremony in Rotorua by Prince Andrew to Manahi's two sons, Rauawa and Geoffrey on 17 March 200Read more
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Paul Moon is Professor of History at the Faculty of Maori Development, Te Ara Poutama, at Auckland University of Technology and is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society at University College, London. Dr Moon is well-known for his writing on New Zealand and Maori history, of biographies and on the Treaty of Waitangi, and he has worked on several Waitangi Tribunal claims. His books include two studies on the Treaty of Waitangi, biographies of New Zealand governors William Hobson and Robert FitzRoy, a biography of Kotahitanga leader Hone Heke Ngapua, and a trilogy about Tuhoe tohunga Hohepa Kereopa. He has also written histories of New Zealand at the time of the Treaty of Waitangi signing and mid-1800s and on the social and economic situation of Maori to 1900.
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